Research Labs

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updated: 03.10.2017
Radiation Detection Physics Laboratories

Radiation detectors are crucial for a wide range of fields from nuclear and particle physics as well as in medical examinations, biology, and safety devices. The laboratory develops, constructs and tests detectors using new technologies that provide rapid, precise detection of particles for high energy physics experiments. These detectors are used in experiments at international laboratories involving teams from TAU. Gaseous ionization systems and state of the art electronic readout and data acquisition systems are used to operate and analyze the data at various stages of R & D. The laboratories are equipped with a clean room and devices for testing solid-state detectors as well as a large muon hodoscope. The laboratory is collaborating on the development of a novel plasma panel screen based technique to detect various sources of radiation. This technology has important potential applications in homeland security as well as for medical scanning and cancer therapy.

The experimental nuclear physics laboratory

In the experimental nuclear physics laboratory we design, develop and test detectors for various nuclear physics experiments. To this end, we use cutting-edge techniques for particle detection and identification, and hardware and software for control, readout and data acquisition and analysis.  The detectors and electronics that we build and develop are consequently shipped and installed in various facilities, where we operate them in order to perform numerous nuclear physics studies, as described below.

We study the structure of nucleons, nuclei (both stable and exotic), big nuclear systems such as neutron stars, and the strong interaction between nucleons and within them, by performing high-energy measurements in international leading particle accelerators, and low-energy high-intensity measurements at SARAF, in Soreq NRC. Our fields of research include:

  • The proton radius puzzle, which involves recent inconsistencies in the measured proton radius. We address this puzzle by simultaneously measuring electron and muon scattering off protons at PSI (Switzerland).
  • The study of nucleons behavior and properties when they are very close to each other and their wave-functions overlap, by lepton and hadron scattering off nucleons in nuclei, at large momentum transfer in JLAB (USA), GSI (Germany) JINR (Russia).
  • Study of neutrino nucleus interaction at FNAL (USA).
  • The abundance of elements in our universe, a quest which we address by measuring the properties of exotic nuclei at GSI (Germany).
  • And more…

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